Sph3u Practice Exam With Answers

This website and its content is subject to our Terms and Conditions. Special Relativity. Work in groups to discuss and complete the practice problems relating to classification of solids and intermolecular forces to explain properties. SPH4U Exam Review Problems Kinematics 1. You must check your solutions. Ø Short and long answer type questions. Period 2 - Exam time = Fri. Answer all questions. SCH4C - Grade 12 College Chemistry. Electrons flow from the negative side of the battery around in a loop to the positive. Which wave(s) is an electromagnetic wave? Figure 2 13. Hopefully you are all reviewing the different sections and topics and looked at the review from class AS WELL AS in the textbook. SPH4U Grade 12 Physics. What is the: a) acceleration of the object? b) displacement after 4. Our huge collection of Physics trivia quizzes in our Sci / Tech category. The mass found in 0. MPM1DB – Unit 1; MPM1DB. Please see Tracey in the Work Experience office, first come first served. reasonableness of the answer. This is a skills needed for many of the problems they will be encountering so getting additional practice in a fun way is useful. With simple series circuits, all components are connected end-to-end to form only one path for. com, find free presentations research about Sph3u PPT. Electricity Unit Test Study Notes. This course has a mark average of 94% and a total of 5 units. rar - DOWNLOAD (Mirror #1). SPH3U Practice Final Exam LoRusso-8- The hair dryer would initially operate at 27 A, but would quickly overheat and stop. The Student Notes and Problems (SNAP) Workbook for Physics 11, University Preparation (SPH3U) is specifically designed to support classroom instruction and provide students with additional examples, practice exercises, and tests. When the rocket fuel is ignited, there is a strong force pushing the rocket in one direction. CHAPTER 1 REVIEW 52 UNIT 1 Forces and Use an exam-ple to explain your answer. This is the mark scheme for the Exam style questions from Nelson Thornes AQA Physics A Chapter 2. A child kicks a ball with an initial velocity of 8. It can not cover every possible type of question you must be able to answer. 30 km apart were set up along a road. Derive the angle of repose. Midterm Practice exam answer Key 3 of 43 Grade 11 P hysics (30s) M ˇ P a ˇ E˙a A ˘ˆ ˛K ˝ I c i The final exam will be weighted as follows: Modules 1 –6 100%. No sorry I can’t do that. Properties of wave motion MCQs, waves physics quiz questions and answers for admission and merit scholarships test. Andrews College) 3u practice exam St. Jan 30 9:00 - 11:00 Room #122 Return your textbook on exam day!. The MHF4U exam was pretty much the same style of questions as the practice, with different variations to them. Time Graphs: Graphs are commonly used in physics. Yes! All of our accredited high school courses come bundled with either 5, 10, 20, or 50 hours at a discounted rate for students to use during the course. I need to really do well on this exam to meet my conditions. With simple series circuits, all components are connected end-to-end to form only one path for. Our original research reveals specific weaknesses that you can exploit to increase your exam score more than you've ever imagined. One of Joule's experiments showed that heat was generated in a conductor, not transferred from another area. The exam will be two hours. Wavelength is represented with the Greek letter lambda: λ. There will be assignment deadlines and tests throughout the month of July and August. Hey guys, OK, so don’t forget you also have your test tomorrow in addition to your lab being due. Yes! All of our accredited high school courses come bundled with either 5, 10, 20, or 50 hours at a discounted rate for students to use during the course. General Exam Advice: 1. exam overview. Here you will find the Edexcel AS maths index for tutorials and worked solutions to the Advanced Supplementary maths past papers covering everything you need to know in order to pass the exam with confidence. Only long-term, careful practice builds them. SPH3U: Waves and Sound 38 Terms. Why does this situation not represent an. Our huge collection of Physics trivia quizzes in our Sci / Tech category. hydrobromic acid b. SPH3U Name: _____ UNIT 4 PRACTICE TEST – FORCES Knowledge /10 Thinking /20 Application /25 Communication /5 Total /60 For full communication marks, show all of your work and be clear and organized in your solutions. 0 kg"mass of bullet (m) = 10 g = 0. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. 0-centimeter long light string which is then attached to the ceiling, and. Your clothing tends to cling together after going through the dryer. SES4U - Grade 12 Earth and Space Science. Final 2014 Grade 11 Paper 1 Memo June 4. Welcome to the wonderful world of physics! SPH3U is an introduction to physics and a prerequisite for the grade 12 course SPH4U. Grade 9 Review Read 15. CAT & Exam Information SPH3U CAT Answers. Exam Review 2 - Work Energy Heat Power Practise Questions on Page 158-159 #3, 5, 10, 12, 18, 23, 30, 34. Multiple Choice Questions (10 marks) Directions: Place the letter of the answer that is most correct on the line provided. The Batner Bookstore provides a large selection of school textbooks for all school subjects whilst providing the customer service of a community store. 2 km [S 45° W] Example 3. Use the displacement-time graph to answer the following questions: a. What are the overall reactions for photosynthesis? 3. Newton’s Second Law of Motion Problems Worksheet Newton’s Second Law of Motion, sometimes called the law of force and motion or law of acceleration, states that: An object acted on by an unbalanced force will accelerate in the direction of that force, in direct proportion to the strength of the force, and in inverse proportion to the mass. Final Project/Exam. hydrobromic acid b. Force is a vector quantity measured in newtons (1 N 1 kg 2m/s ). Grade 12 Vector Calculus (MCV4U) This course includes two different sections, one is derivative, or rather extends from work in Advanced Functions, while the other is Vectors, which is completely new. a) silver does tarnish d) Oxygen supports combustion b) gold is a conductor of electricity e) Mercury metal can evaporate. arriving your answer. seconds to run up two ights of stairs to a landing, a total of 5. 1 Newton = 1 m/s2 kg 2 SPH3U: What is the Effect of a Force? What happens when a single force acts on an object? This is a tricky question that took very clever people about 2000 years to answer. SCH3U Practice Exam Part A: Multiple Choice (25 mks) Chose the best response in each case. Answers to Practice Quest. It's a perfect resource for those wishing to improve their problem-solving skills. The exam contains a good balance of easy questions and hard questions. I have an 87 average right now and my final average can't go lower than an 85 or my offer will get revoked. The MHF4U exam was pretty much the same style of questions as the practice, with different variations to them. the body is 'free' of its environment. Please complete all sections. aqueous hydrogen bromine e. 1 Distance, Position, and Displacement Thermochemical Equations Practice Problems - Duration: Strange answers to the psychopath test | Jon Ronson - Duration:. Force acceleration requires force [PDF] Sub Zero Refrigerator Repair Manual 361rfd. - Electric field in a parallel-plate capacitor: - Magnetic field in an ideal solenoid: A q d V E εo = = =μ0B ni (where A is the area of the plate, and (where n is the number of turns per unit. SPH3U Grade 11 Physics. “Studying” for a test the night before or even for a few days before only refreshes your memory – it won’t build your understanding or skills by any great amount. Read online When and How to Polarize a Generator - fergusontractors. A 50-ohm resistor, an unknown resistor R, a 120-volt source, and an ammeter are connected in a complete circuit. The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12: Science, 2008 therefore outlines not only the skills and knowledge that students are expected to develop but also the attitudes that they will need to develop in order to use their knowledge and skills. Grade 9 Applied Science, SNC1P1 (1. The pitcher throws the baseball at a speed of 100 km/h. Make a suggestion. Also includes a spreadsheet to show how the calculations have been done. SPH3U: Physics (Grade 11 University Prep) Practice Test: Sound & Waves 2. Answers will vary. Sph3u grade 11 physics exam onstudynotes SPH3U Grade 11 University Physics Final Exam Study Notes/Guide **Waves unit study notes soon to follow** Forces. 30 km apart were set up along a road. Knowledge and trivia tests-» Physics quizzes. Comments: The activity encourages students to inspect the product of binomial problems prior to solving them. pdf: File Size: 172 kb: File Type: pdf. Physics 11 Waves and Sound Rewrite Practice Problems Multiple Choice 1. , no longer radioactive). Consider the function f (x) defined by the following graph:. You need to answer any questions and complete the tables in your own notebook. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Sph3u PPT. SPH3U Kno wledge Thinking UNIT 4 PRXCTICE TEST Name. Over 1,020 Physics trivia questions to answer! Play our quiz games to test your knowledge. Exam study tips • Read your notes. The MHF4U exam was pretty much the same style of questions as the practice, with different variations to them. To test your ideas you build a model of the situation. Calculate the work done by a 47 N force pushing a 0. The teacher will go over how to use each station and how to record your answers. Numbers in Science Numbers in Science Answers Extra Practice Significant Figures Worksheet Answers Significant Digits (with answers) Scientific Notation (with answers) Converting Metric Units (with answers) Converting Derived Units (with answers). 025 kg pencil 0. Activity Questions: 1. This is a practice exam meant to give you an idea of the types of questions and the format of your final exam. Multiple Choice [___/10] 1. Campus : Sudbury This six-semester program, which includes teaching modules and clinical internships, trains medical radiation technolgists to use X-rays to produce radiographic images of the human body. I have an 87 average right now and my final average can't go lower than an 85 or my offer will get revoked. Thermal Physics (Heat) Pressure & Fluid Mechanics. The credit that you need most, study for that course’s exam the most. SES4U - Grade 12 Earth and Space Science. a) The 3 rd harmonic of a string b) The 4 th harmonic of an air column open at both ends c) The 5 th harmonic of an air column that is opened at one only. This will help to prepare you for the Exam. 10 mol of KHC4H4O6 is a. SNC4M Grade 12 Science. a) silver does tarnish d) Oxygen supports combustion b) gold is a conductor of electricity e) Mercury metal can evaporate. To do so, he exerts a force on each nut towards the edge. June 2, 2010. Work in groups to discuss and complete the practice problems relating to classification of solids and intermolecular forces to explain properties. SPH3U: Waves and Sound 38 Terms. Physics Grade 11 is a study guide which includes concise explanations, plenty of practice and sample test and exam papers with answers. SPH4C - Grade 12 College Physics. SPH3U Grade 11 Physics. I need to really do well on this exam to meet my conditions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to. The exam will take place on: SPH3U-B: June 20 SPH3U-A: June 21 It will be 2 hours in length It will be worth 20% of your final mark It will contain: Multiple choice questions Short answer questions Physics problems The following resources will help you with your preparations Exam Topics Practice Exam Textbook Review Questions…. The Calculator Pad includes physics word problems organized by topic. How notebro works: Note: this notice will always be visible to all users whether you made a 1st post & gained access or not. Unit Test – SPH3U Grade 11 Physics – Waves and Sound Name: _____ Unit Test – SPH3U Grade 11 Physics – Waves and Sound There are 4 parts to this test. 25 m from the ground. Edition,Sph3u Nelson Physics 11 Solutions Manual,Nissan Xterra Complete Workshop Repair Manual 2003,Spectra Ranger Data Collector Manual,Toyota 4afe Engine Manual Pdf,Marieb Lab Manual Answer Key Muscles,Mccormick 31 Sickle Parts Manual,One On One 101 The Art Of Inspired And Effective Individualized Instruction,Ipcc Practice Manual. Schedule sessions before a test or exam for an extra boost! Students can pull off awesome marks with the help of a dedicated tutor from our team. Final Practice exam answer Key 3 of 41 Grade 11 P hysics (30s) Fi a P acˇice E˙a A ˘ˆe Ke˝ I c i The final exam will be weighted as follows: Modules 1 -6 15 -20%. 025 kg pencil 0. 1 Distance, Position, and Displacement Thermochemical Equations Practice Problems - Duration: Strange answers to the psychopath test | Jon Ronson - Duration:. I finished MHF4U and SCH3U a couple months ago, taking SPH3U and ENG4U now, and will be taking SCH4U and SPH4U soon. Draw the standing wave patterns described below. Hey guys, OK, so don’t forget you also have your test tomorrow in addition to your lab being due. Day 4 - 5 The teacher will go over how to conduct the pendulum experiment. Which of the following variables is a vector value? a. Energy, Work, Power and Efficiency Worksheet 1. In a microscope, the ocular (eyepiece) is used to A. Any exams will be written at BSS or if a student is not in the Toronto area, the student may arrange for an exam to be proctored in an alternate location. I have an 87 average right now and my final average can't go lower than an 85 or my offer will get revoked. If you finish early, you have questions on your worksheet or you can start to read about different kinds of friction in chapter 4 of your textbook. Nomenclature-Answers. During which time intervals is the motion constant? c. SCH3U Practice Exam Part A: Multiple Choice (25 mks) Chose the best response in each case. Study for Unit 2 Forces Test-Finish Unit 2 Forces Review (if not already completed) Forces Review Q40. unit tests. You’ll also learn how to run a successful business, preparing you to become an entrepreneur or own a private practice. The vector activity was a way to engage kinesthetic learners and to have students get practice with adding vectors. the normal force. NOTE: All files are password protected. Knowledge and trivia tests-» Physics quizzes. notebook 1 June 16, 2014 Jun 15­10:11 AM So you want to pass the SPH3U Physics Exam! Some hints Jun 15­10:12 AM How to Study •start now •realize that you can not memorize physics •practice, practice, practice you need to reach a level of automaticity that only occurs after hours of practice. Achievement of both excellence and equity underlies the three major goals of the science and technology program at the elementary level. If you finish early, you have questions on your worksheet or you can start to read about different kinds of friction in chapter 4 of your textbook. With simple series circuits, all components are connected end-to-end to form only one path for. About This Site. change in speed c. The Report Card: Student achievement will be communicated formally to students via an official report card. Answer all questions. Unit 5 - Probability Distributions. Start off by making several pages of notes for each unit. If you work through this review it will help you be successful on the final exam. Everyone needs to write their own copy even though you are working in pairs. We provides Herbal health and beauty products made in USA. Calculate the car's average acceleration between the markers. Sample answer: The caloric theory was disproved over a number of years and through experiments by James Prescott Joule and William Thomson (Lord Kelvin). In our physics class, we got to dive deeper into the topic of waves, light, and sound. General Exam Advice: 1. The ball has an initial vertical velocity of 4. The MHF4U exam was pretty much the same style of questions as the practice, with different variations to them. Force - acceleration requires force - push or pull - measured in Newtons (N) - causes objects to accelerate or decelerate - objects accelerate when there is a net force acting on it. Social Science and Humanities. The credit that you need most, study for that course’s exam the most. pdf FREE PDF DOWNLOAD 4,370,000 RESULTS Any time. Calculate µ k from the measured angle. The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12: Science, 2008 therefore outlines not only the skills and knowledge that students are expected to develop but also the attitudes that they will need to develop in order to use their knowledge and skills. I am not a statistical expert, but I'm learning. Atomic & Nuclear Physics. Advanced Physics Unit 6 Worksheet 3 Forces Answers. Consider the function f (x) defined by the following graph:. Each radioactive isotope will continue to undergo radioactive decay into other isotopes until it is stable (e. Draw the standing wave patterns described below. normal Match each definition with the letter of the term it best describes. A ball is thrown to the north and is experiencing projectile motion. Schedule sessions before a test or exam for an extra boost! Students can pull off awesome marks with the help of a dedicated tutor from our team. org book pdf free download link book now. Please do not skim over the review as it contains a list of objectives that the College Board has identified as the ONLY objectives from which exam questions are derived. Remember the golden rules:- “To keep both sides of an equation equal what ever you do to one side you. MPM1DB – Unit 1; MPM1DB. Thank you to Prashanth Srinivasan. change in speed c. sch_3u_-_exam_review_questions_answers_12-13. (2) Two tenets of the Nature of Science are "Scientific knowledge is durable" and "Scientific ideas are subject to change. Last Modified: November 22, 2018. Extra Questions – Magnetic Effects of Electric Current – CBSE Class 10 Science According to new CBSE Exam Pattern, MCQ Questions for Class 10 Science pdf Carries 20 Marks. SPH3U: What is the Effect of a Force? - Day 66. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. The credit that you need most, study for that course’s exam the most. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Stans Academy of Chemistry Videos This page is dedicated for grade 12 chemistry SCH4U course content. Electrons flow from the negative side of the battery around in a loop to the positive. This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science to everyday situations. Read and Summarize the 4. Start studying Grade 11 Physics - Exam Review. It can not cover every possible type of question you must be able to answer. The MHF4U exam was pretty much the same style of questions as the practice, with different variations to them. Show the answer with proper units VIII. In this lesson, we will examine scalars and vectors, learn why it is important to know the difference between the two and why remembering to add a direction to many of your exam answers could be. Everyone needs to write their own copy even though you are working in pairs. SPH4U Sample Test - Electric & Magnetic Fields Modified True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. Refer to the frame numbers in the sketches to help answer the. In a microscope, the ocular (eyepiece) is used to A. How might this occur in the dryer? Is your answer consistent with what you observed in class? Explain and represent your answer with a diagram. West Carleton Secondary School SPH3U - Practice Exam This practice exam is NOT intended to be a substitute for preparing for the exam, but a support for you. SCH3U Exam Review 1 11U CHEMISTRY EXAM REVIEW QUESTIONS (Part 1) UNITS 1 -3 1. SPH3U‎ > ‎ Final Exam. Here's a sample: I also have the following courses and exams listed below. Answers are also included. Fall Key 2019 by thunderbay5 - issuu SPH3U PRACTICE EXAM Read more. Grade 9 Applied Science, SNC1P1 (1. Have a question or comment? Talk to us!. These types of examples and questions with answers are also available online at various sites. Quiz & Worksheet - Fuses. With the scheduled monthly test coming up it is important to ensure you are on your feet when it comes to what we have covered so far. Possible answer: A rocket ship is able to accelerate because the force of the ignition pushes both the fuel and the rocket. 2 Uniform electric elds A uniform eld is one in which the electric eld is the same at every point. SCH4C - Grade 12 College Chemistry. Basc your answers to questions 14 through 16 on the information and diagram below, showing all work including the equation and substituñon with units. This portion is more about coaching the students rather than testing them. The Student Notes and Problems (SNAP) Workbook for Physics 11, University Preparation (SPH3U) is specifically designed to support classroom instruction and provide students with additional examples, practice exercises, and tests. Course Code SPH3U-C This course is from the Independent Learning Centre. 10 mol of KHC4H4O6 is a. Derive the angle of repose. Electrons flow from the negative side of the battery around in a loop to the positive. Hopefully you are all reviewing the different sections and topics and looked at the review from class AS WELL AS in the textbook. Mention all the stages of cellular respiration? 4. Working in our state-of-the-art facilities, you’ll develop the knowledge and skills necessary to conduct a patient assessment, develop treatment plans, deliver safe and effective treatment, and evaluate outcomes. ANSWER KEY Series and Parallel Circuits In a series circuit electricity has only one path to follow. General Exam Advice: 1. Today we begin exploring the nature of these interactions and what happens as a result. F=M/A (force= mass x acceleration 1. Kyle is in his car traveling at a constant speed of 150 km/h down the road. SPH3U Practice Final Exam LoRusso Matching Match each letter to the proper description for a light ray travelling from air into glass. Physics 11 Waves and Sound Rewrite Practice Problems Multiple Choice 1. SCH4U Grade 12 Chemistry. The Batner Bookstore provides a large selection of school textbooks for all school subjects whilst providing the customer service of a community store. SWL - Science. • Redo all quizzes and tests. Which of the following statements about displacement is false?. The following is the Practice June Exam. This Significant Figures Worksheet is great for testing students in their ability to solve multiplication and division problems and determine the correct number of significant digits for the answer. During which time intervals is the acceleration non-zero? d. Friday, March 9th - Finish Molecular Architecture Practice Problems. Co-operative Education (Co-op) provides students with workplace experience that enables students to refine, extend and practice sector-specific knowledge and skills. 7 km [W] 2. No sorry I can't do that. time graph analysis, and creation of multiple representations of motion. MPM1DB - Unit 1; MPM1DB. notebook 1 June 16, 2014 Jun 15­10:11 AM So you want to pass the SPH3U Physics Exam! Some hints Jun 15­10:12 AM How to Study •start now •realize that you can not memorize physics •practice, practice, practice you need to reach a level of automaticity that only occurs after hours of practice. I split the quiz up into three main sections: calculations, velocity vs. Atomic & Nuclear Physics. The batter then hits the ball making it travel 175 km/h. Why does this situation not represent an. General Exam Advice: 1. observable variables, and planning investigations to answer those questions or test those hypotheses. Electricity & Magnetism Practice Problems. UNIT TEST By: Sonu Bhutani COURSE: PHYSICS, GRADE 11 University. To answer a blow received from a page de chambre would have meant, in the times of Nicholas I. SPH3U Name: _____ UNIT 4 PRACTICE TEST – FORCES Knowledge /10 Thinking /20 Application /25 Communication /5 Total /60 For full communication marks, show all of your work and be clear and organized in your solutions. All parts are connected one after another. Physics 11 Waves and Sound Rewrite Practice Problems Multiple Choice 1. Classify the following as chemical or physical properties of matter. Campus : Sudbury This six-semester program, which includes teaching modules and clinical internships, trains medical radiation technolgists to use X-rays to produce radiographic images of the human body. The car passed the first marker with a velocity of 5. In a microscope, the ocular (eyepiece) is used to A. Have a question or comment? Talk to us!. 25 m against a force of 23 N. What are the. I am not a statistical expert, but I'm learning. Grade 9 Review Read 15. Refer to the frame numbers in the sketches to help answer the. Students will reason abstractly throughout the chapter particularly when they begin to write proportion equations and solve them algebraically. How might this occur in the dryer? Is your answer consistent with what you observed in class? Explain and represent your answer with a diagram. You need to answer any questions and complete the tables in your own notebook. 2 3 6 0xy 3. How much acceleration is given to a 45 kg child with a 0. 0 Final Exam Answers 2019 100% Full, CCNA semester 1 v5. GIVEN WORK ANSWER: 4. SPH4U Exam Review Problems Kinematics 1. Characteristics of Series-Parallel Circuits. In cases of test or exam anxiety, accommodations are provided to any student with. This course will be one of your first courses dedicated to one particular branch of science, in this case Physics. Lab 3 - Newton's Second Law Introduction Sir Isaac Newton put forth many important ideas in his famous book The Principia. The car passed the first marker with a velocity of 5. Students will also practice skills they will need for the Grade Ten Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT such as multiple choice answers, identifying the main topic of a selection and identifying supporting ideas. You must enable JavaScript in order to use this site. Physical Sciences P1 Grade 11 2014 Common Paper Eng 5. Grade 11 Nelson Physics Study Guide Solutions NELSON GRADE 11 BIOLOGY TEXTBOOK PDF DOWNLOAD Solutions Grade 10 Grade 10 Academic Math Solution Grade 11 Nelson Physics. observable variables, and planning investigations to answer those questions or test those hypotheses. The substance HBr(aq) is called a. The pitcher throws the baseball at a speed of 100 km/h. SPH3U Physics Grade 11 Toronto eSchool In all Units students can complete an online practice quiz on each lesson that tests their knowledge of fundamental facts. This is the mark scheme for the Exam style questions from Nelson Thornes AQA Physics A Chapter 2. c for water is 4. Work, Power, Energy Multiple Choice PSI Physics Name_____ Multiple Choice Questions 1. All work and explanations must be present and legible to receiv e credit. Answers to Practice Quest. Co-operative Education (Co-op) provides students with workplace experience that enables students to refine, extend and practice sector-specific knowledge and skills. Textbooks have worked through examples and questions with answers for plentiful practice. Mention all the stages of cellular respiration? 4. Force acceleration requires force [PDF] Sub Zero Refrigerator Repair Manual 361rfd. Place Value; MPM1DB. Use the displacement-time graph to answer the following questions: a. The exam will take place on: SPH3U-B: June 20 SPH3U-A: June 21 It will be 2 hours in length It will be worth 20% of your final mark It will contain: Multiple choice questions Short answer questions Physics problems The following resources will help you with your preparations Exam Topics Practice Exam Textbook Review Questions…. Two vertical asymptotes at x = 3 and x = −4, and a hole at x =1. F N on the same graph. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: